Author: Peter Hogg

The calf muscles – gastrocnemius and soleus – of the lower leg works across both the knee and ankle joints to plantar flex the foot (point the toes) and flex (bend) the knee. The muscles insert into the Achilles tendon and can often be injured...

Do Your Knees hurt when you stand after sitting for an extended period? Do Your Knees crack & crunch when you squat down? Do you get pain climbing up or down stairs? Are you getting pain under your knee cap? If any of these symptoms sound...

If you are one of the estimated 80% of the population who gets Low Back Pain at some time, what should you do? Is it better to stay in bed for a day, a week or a month, or should you be exercising? Is a marathon...

Headache and the Cervical Spine Headaches appear in many forms and affect people from all walks of life. 300 different types of headache have been classified, resulting in one of the greatest number of differential diagnosis in medicine. Until recently, treatment has largely relied on medication to...

Lumbar Pain During Pregnancy Between 50% and 80% of women experience some form of back pain during their pregnancy, ranging from mild pain associated with specific activities to acute back pain that can become chronic. Lower back pain usually occurs between the fifth and seventh month,...

Thoracic outlet syndrome is the presence of hand and arm symptoms due to pressure against the nerves or blood vessels in the thoracic outlet area. The thoracic outlet is the space between the clavicle and first rib. This narrow passageway is crowded with blood vessels, muscles,...

Golfers Elbow or medial epicondylosis is very similar to the much more prevalent tennis elbow. It is a condition characterised by inflammation of the medial epicondyle as a result of strain upon several flexor tendons that originate there. Golfer’s elbow is characterized by pain, tenderness,...

Although hip problems in children are relatively rare, there are a number of conditions which are potentially serious which need to be recognised and treated early. Children presenting with hip problems are often misdiagnosed because of the sometimes vague description of the symptoms. Whilst very young...

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