Injuries

Whiplash is a relatively common injury that is often ignored or mistreated due to lack of understanding of the condition. Whiplash is usually the result of a rear impact while in a stationary position. Early range of motion and exercises lead to a more rapid...

Research conducted in 1987 by Dr Gordon Waddell in one of the most prestigious journals of spinal research, Spine, suggested there is little doubt that rest, and in particular prolonged bed rest is harmful in the treatment of low back pain. In contrast there is no...

The ACL – Anterior Cruciate Ligament is an important stabilising structure in the knee and one commonly injured in the athlete; especially those involved in sports that require a fast change of direction or pivoting actions. ACL Function: Anterior tibial translation stability 2° stabiliser to tibial...

THORACIC SPINE The thoracic spine is one of the most common musculoskeletal problems that present to physiotherapists. This includes disorders to the intervertebral joints, rib articulations or thoracic discs and may be associated with varied combinations of pain, altered movement and muscular spasm. The thoracic spine...

SHOULDER IMPINGEMENT IS A COMMON CAUSE OF SHOULDER PAIN: Overhead activity of the shoulder, especially repeated activity, is a risk factor for shoulder impingement syndrome and may be more prominent in those with underlying bone and joint abnormalities. With impingement syndrome, pain is persistent and affects...

GLA:D®, or Good Life with Arthritis: Denmark is an education and exercise program developed by researchers in Denmark for people with hip or knee osteoarthritis (OA) symptoms. Background of the GLA:D® Program Research revealed participants in the GLA:D® program improved symptoms by  32%.  Outcomes include less pain, reduced use of joint...

When? Hamstring strains are very common in sports involving sprinting, change of direction and jumping. Most experts concur that the majority of hamstring strains occur while sprinting and more specifically as the lower limb is in the 'terminal swing phase' of running at a time when the...

Anterior knee pain, or patellofemoral pain, is a common musculoskeletal condition affecting the patella and femoral condyle of the femur. It affects up to 25% of the population and is more common in females. What causes anterior knee pain? There are usually several factors involved which result...

The calf muscles – gastrocnemius and soleus – of the lower leg works across both the knee and ankle joints to plantar flex the foot (point the toes) and flex (bend) the knee. The muscles insert into the Achilles tendon and can often be injured...

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